There are many places in this world which have incredibly long names. The second longest geographical name accepted in the world is “Taumatawhakatangihangak oauauotamateaturipukaka pikimaungahoronukupokaiwhe nua kitanatahu” (85 letters) and it is the name of a hill in New Zealand. It name would be translated as the“place where Tamatea, the man with the big knees, who slid, climbed and swallowed mountains, known as land-eater, played his flute to his loved one”.
The only countries in the world which are completely surrounded by another country are Lesotho, Vatican City and San Marino. The last two are surrounded by Italy and Lesotho is surrounded by South Africa.
The shortest name of a place is ‘Å’ and it is located in Sweden and in Norway as well anmd it means “river”.
The smallest country in the world is Vatican City with a surface of 0.44 square kilometres, less than an average city. And as you may have already guessed, the largest country is Russia.
The largest city in the world is located in Mongolia and it’s called Hulunbuir, with a surface of 263,953 kilometres squared.
The hottest temperature ever recorded was in El Azizia, Libya at 136 F, and the lowest was recorded in Vostok, Antarctica at -134 F.
San Marino is the oldest constitutional republic in the world and it was founded by a Christian stonemason fleeing persecution under Emperor Diocletian. Its Constitution of 1600 is the oldest in the world.
Mount Everest might have the highest altitude in terms of sea level, but the closest place tot the Moon is Mount Chimborazo. The lowest point on Earth is the Marianas Trench.
The most Northern, Eastern and Western state in all of America is Alaska.
The longest mountain chain on Earth is The Mid-Atlantic Ridge (40,000 km), but the only part of it located above water is in Iceland. The Andes form the longest exposed mountain range at 7,000 km.
Nowadays Mount Circeo in Italy was once called Aeaea (5 vowels and no consonants). The only two other vowel-only geographical places are Aiea in Hawaii and Eiao, one of the Marquise Islands.
Glaciers store between 70% and 80% of all freshwater on the planet and 99% of them are in the Arctic and Antarctic.
In 1811 and 1812, three earthquakes measuring 8 on the Richter scale, caused the Mississippi River to flow backwards.
The deepest hole ever dug is in Russia and is called Kola Superdeep Borehole. It is 12,261 meters deep and it was drilled for scientific research.