Although created from destruction, volcano lakes und up being something beautiful and stunning. Volcano lakes may appear either after the volcano crater fills up with water or after the collapse of the empty magma chamber that forms into a large indentation, or as it is called, a caldera, which will also fill with water eventually. Regardless of how beautiful they may appear, these lakes are in some cases extremely dangerous places. Learn here why.
Lake Nyos, located in the North-West of Cameroon is a 2 km-long crater lake with a magma chamber underneath it which keeps changing the water into carbonic acid. This constant alimentation with carbon dioxide had a devastating effect on August 2nd 1986, when over 1,700 people and 3,500 livestock in a 25km radius of the lake died of asphyxiation. After this, Guinness World records named Lake Nyos the most dangerous and deadliest lake.
The volcanic caldera Heaven Lake, situated between China and North Korea covers an area of about 9.82 square km. Although rather small as compared to others, this lake is stunningly beautiful, especially because from October to June it is entirely covered in ice. Heaven Lake is also home to a legendary aquatic monster that was allegedly caught on tape a few times, but no one managed to actually prove its existence.
With a beautiful deep blue color and extraordinary water clarity, the Crater Lake in South-central Oregon, U.S. is actually a caldera lake with a high purity of the water, of 43.3 meters. It was formed 7,700 years ago after the eruption of Mount Klamath volcano.
Over 100 km long and 30 km wide, Lake Toba is a large caldera lake on Sumatra Island, in Indonesia, and also the biggest volcano lake in the world. It was formed about 70,000 years ago as a result of the eruption of a super volcano which also caused dramatic climatic changes that probably led to the death of many humans that were alive at that time.
The largest lake in New Zeeland, Lake Taupo covers an area of about 616 square km, and it is believed to have formed 26,500 years ago, the eruption being the largest one known in the last 69,000years.
Laach Lake or Laacher See is a 9 km-diameter caldera lake situated in Rhineland-palatinate, Germany. The caldera formed after an enormous eruption that took place about 12,900 years ago when it also caused a global cooling effect.
Found within the complex Mount Katmai stratovolcano in Southern Alaska, this lake is actually a crater caldera lake as during the huge eruption of 1912, the caldera fell exactly in the crater of the mountain.
The largest crater lake in Japan, Lake Towada is situated in the double caldera of an active volcano that massively erupted about 13,000 years ago.
Coatepeque Caldera, found in El Salvador is a volcanic caldera formed following a series of eruptions occurring approx. 72,000 and 54,000 years ago. The huge, crater lake that formed on the eastern side of the caldera, Lake Coatepeque is 26 square km and harbors a sacred Mayan Site.
Iljen lake is found in East Java, Indonesia in a group of stratovolcanoes, inside the Iljen Volcano. It has a beautiful turquoise color, but it is also completely made up of acid.